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Osage Orange Leaf Osage Orange Fruit
Leaf Characteristics
  • broad, flat
  • simple
  • not lobed
  • smooth margins, entire
  • alternate
  • without needle-like bristles
  • not heart-shaped
  • widest toward base
Fruit Characteristics
  • other fruit (not cone, winged, acorn, or in pod or capsule)
  • tightly packed seeds
  • seeds in capsules, packed in non-burlike balls
  • seed balls soft, green

Osage Orange Maclura pomifera

As the tree develops, its bark becomes ash-brown or dark orange-brown. It develops irregular fissures and breaks into broad, scaly ridges. Although not native to Ohio, through plantings the Osage-Orange has become resident to most counties. This tree often has been used in growing hedges and fencerows. The sharp spines that arm its twigs add to the tree's usefulness in making restraining, "natural" fences. The strong, durable wood has been used for fence posts, small sturdy objects, and rustic furniture. Squirrels eat seeds from the fruit in winter.

Osage Orange Tree
Tree Size
height 10' - 50
     diameter 1' - 4'

Osage Orange Bark

Osage Orange Twig
Twigs With Spines

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