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Yellow Buckeye Leaf Yellow Buckeye Fruit
Leaf Characteristics
  • broad, flat
  • compound
  • palmately compound
  • usually 5 leaflets, each with short stalk
  • fine, regular teeth
  • dark green above
Fruit Characteristics
  • other fruit (not cone, winged, acorn, or in pod or capsule)
  • enclosed by husk
  • thick husk
  • husk with seams, nut smooth
  • husk larger, about 2" in diameter

Yellow Buckeye
(Sweet Buckeye)
Aesculus octandra

This is a bigger tree than the related Ohio Buckeye, sometimes growing to more than 110 feet in height. In contrast to the Ohio Buckeye, the bark of older Yellow Buckeyes is light gray and while splitting into oval or circular plates is smoother. The tree grows in stream valleys and on lower slopes. In Ohio its distribution is limited to in the hilly, unglaciated, southeastern part of the state and along the Ohio River into Hamilton County. The wood is similar to that of the Ohio Buckeye and is used for cheap furniture and various woodenware. The Yellow Buckeye has been used successfully as an ornamental tree and for its shade. As with the Ohio Buckeye, the fruit of this tree is poisonous to humans, and often is eaten by squirrels.

Yellow Buckeye Tree
Tree Size
height        50' - 90'
       diameter    2' - 3'

Yellow Buckeye Bark

Yellow Buckeye Twig
Twigs and Buds

Yellow Buckeye Branch

Yellow Buckeye Flower

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